Countries like india have to take into account the ongoing demographic changes (number and age structure of the population) so that available human resources are optimally utilised as agents of change and. Census of india the population of india has passed the one billion mark with a sharp decline from its decadal growth rate of 2134 per cent over the last five decades. India had a population density of just 77 persons per sq km in 1901 gender composition out of the total population, the number of males in india is 62,37,34,248 and number of females is 58,64,69,174.
To break this down even more specifically, the population of pakistan grew, on average, at a rate of 3 percent per year from 1951 until the middle of the 1980's decade from the mid 1980's until the year 2000, the growth of the population slowed down to about 26 percent per year and from 2000 to 2012, to about 2 percent per year. The uneven density of population in india is clear from the fact that in arunachal pradesh the average number of population is only 13 persons per square kilometre, whereas it is 9,294 persons per square kilometre in delhi as per 2001 census. During 2018 india population is projected to increased by 17,034,447 people and reach 1,370,048,541 in the beginning of 2019 the natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 17,589,183.
The economic growth miracle of brazil, like that of russia, india, and china has not translated into equitable income distribution or poverty eradication in 2010 poverty was estimated at 26%, mostly in the rural areas. The statistic shows the total population of india from 2012 to 2013, with a forecast through 2022 in 2017, the estimated total population in india amounted to approximately 132 billion people. This essay will seek to compare and contrast china and india, focusing on what the major problems facing both are, why have they both had to implement policies regarding population control, and the long-term and short-term effects that these policies have on the two countries. Population density is a measurement of the number of people in an area relative to the size of the area population densities are usually defined as being either dense or sparse.
India's population density is 324 persons per sq km india's population is increasing the major reasons for rapid growth of population in india are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates, immigration from some of the neighbouring countries like bangladesh and nepal. Population growth did not emerge in multi-country comparisons of population and economic growth during the 1960s or 1970s, except in the poorest of the developing countries. The population projections program produces projections of the united states resident population by age, sex, race, and hispanic origin acs county-county migration flows these files contain the complete county-to-county migration flows by age, sex, race, or hispanic origin using acs 5-year estimates. Population size and growth lies behind this number the population of many coun- tries, particularly those in africa and asia, will increase greatly in the coming decades. Its population density is almost three times the average in east asia and more than eight times the world average of 45 people per square kilometre if india has anywhere near 169 billion people in 2050, it will have more than 500 people per square kilometre.
Essay on the tribal population in india (928 words) division of society in various caste groups is also a significant feature of the indian population the caste system is the main characteristic of hindu society two major social groups whose distribution is an important subject of study is the scheduled casts and the scheduled tribes. If you make the case that population growth in countrlies like kenya (and maybe even ethiopia) is not the main development problem, then there are so many other countries with much lower population density, and more arable land, where the population growth is bad for development argument falls flat. 6 chapter 2 spatial distribution and density of population 21 the concept of spatial distribution one of the major results of a population census is the insight it provides into the patterns of population. International poverty line stands at $ 125 per day and in 2010, 327% of the total population in india was below this line according to a 2011 poverty development goals report, poverty in india.
Geographically india is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories there is a tremendous difference in the combined population size across the state india constitutes around 30 percent of the total population, which is around 309 million persons were migrants based on place of last residence. Another argument about the effects of overpopulation in india centers on the increasing size of the population as of 2009, the birth rate of 2172 births for every 1,000 people far exceeded the death rate of 76 deaths per 1,000 people. Population explosion is the most serious problem facing our country today with 16 per cent of the world's population, india is toady the second largest populations' country in the world as on. India's population, size and distribution by numbers india's population as on march 2001 was found to be 1,028 million, which 167 per cent of the world's population these 102 billion people are randomly distributed over 328 million square km of our country, india, which is actually 24 per cent of the world's area.